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DAYS OF THE WEEK IN PORTUGUESE

Enjoy your day every day, even if the name of the day sounds a bit strange, like… ‘feira’ (market in Portuguese). Portuguese people use numbers and ‘feiras’ for the names of the days of the week, which breaks with the European norm (monday, martes, donnerstag…). Why are the days of the week associated with numbers and ‘feiras‘?

Before Christ, the names of pagan gods were used to designate the days of the week. For example, ‘mercredi’ (day of Mercury). The use of numbers for the days of the week is related to Christianity in Portugal. This association led to the avoidance of the use of pagan names to designate the days of the week.

THE DAYS OF THE WEEK AND RELIGION

It is possible to find documents from the Middle Ages referring to the days of the week as SEGUNDA, TERÇA, etc., with the word ‘feria’ added as a liturgical prayer. For example, the third day after Saturday was ‘feria tertia.’ The evolution of Latin led to the current format: ‘feria tertia’ »» TERÇA-FEIRA »» tuesday. The names given are associated with the old markets. The exceptions are “sábado” (saturday) and “domingo” (sunday).

DAYS OF THE WEEK IN PORTUGUESE

2ª-feira = segunda-feira – Monday

3ª-feira = terça-feira – Tuesday

4ª-feira = quarta-feira – Wednesday

5ª-feira = quinta-feira – Thursday

6ª-feira = sexta-feira – Friday

Sábado – Saturday

Domingo – Sunday

2ª-feira (or segunda-feira) means in English ‘second fair.’ 3ª-feira (or terça-feira) means ‘third fair.’ The same logic can be applied to quarta-feira, quinta-feira, and sexta-feira.

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dias da semana em português

WHY "SEGUNDA-FEIRA (second market)" AND NOT "PRIMEIRA-FEIRA (fist market)?

Because the first day of the week is the day of God (DOMINGO=Sunday), which is related to the word ‘domini‘ derived from Latin. ‘Domini’ means the day of God. According to Portuguese culture, the first day of the week should be dedicated to God, the creator of the world.

 

The days of the week in Portuguese reveal two interesting things about Portuguese culture:

1-Portugal as a religious and monotheistic country

2-The relationship between the Portuguese and commerce

In day-to-day life, Portuguese people often do not use the word ‘feira‘ because when they say ‘segunda,’ the listener will understand that it refers to Monday. The same logic applies to all the other days of the week (except for SÁBADO (saturday) and DOMINGO (sunday).

Regarding Saturday, this word is related to ‘sabbath.’ It is believed that there is a connection between this word and Judaism.”

It is VERY COMMON to see the days of the week abbreviated.

EXAMPLES

2ª-f = Segunda-feira (monday)

3ª-f = Terça-feira (tuesday)

Sab – Sábado

Dom – Domingo

 

EXAMPLE OF USE

Aberto de 3ª a Sábado das 10.00 às 19.00. – Open from tuesday to saturday from 10.00 to 19.00 Hrs.

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