LEARNING STUDIO - LEVEL B1

diret and indiret speech portuguese

DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH IN PORTUGUESE

As a grammatical structure commonly employed in everyday conversations in Portuguese, direct and indirect speech takes on some significance at the B1 level. There are numerous transformations possible from direct to indirect speech. As always, we will emphasize here the one that, in our view, is the most important, as it is the one we use most frequently in our daily lives.

Direct speech is what someone communicates directly to another person For example: “Pedro: Tomorrow I’m going to the movies with Maria. = Amanhã vou ao cinema com a Maria.” Indirect speech is what you say to reproduce what was said. For example: Pedro said that the next day he would go to the beach with Maria = O Pedro disse que no dia seguinte ia à praia com a Maria.

When we speak directly to another person, we use sentences in different verb tenses (present, past, imperative…). And when someone is going to reproduce what we said, each of these verb tenses undergoes a transformation according to the set of rules for direct and indirect speech in Portuguese. We won’t enumerate all these rules. Instead, let’s emphasize the most important one.

PRO TIP: The most significant transformation is from the present tense (direct speech) to the Past Imperfect tense (indirect speech). Direct speech: Maria: “I DRINK 3 coffees a day. = Eu BEBO 3 cafés por dia”. When we transform this sentence into indirect speech, we have: Maria said that SHE USED TO DRINK 3 coffees a day = A Maria disse que BEBIA 3 cafés por dia”. Notice how the verb changes from “DRINK=BEBO” (present) to “USED TO DRINK=BEBIA” in the Past Imperfect tense.

Here is a list of transformations from DIRECT SPEECH to INDIRECT SPEECH with different verb tenses.

To listen to the AUDIO in Portuguese, go to OPTIONS and switch the AUDIO to ON. To turn on the AUDIO, go to FLASHCARDS and click on the COG WHEEL (top right).

To learn and consolidate this list, you should follow the following STUDY METHOD:

1-FLASH CARDS

2-LEARN

3-SPELL

4-ASSESS

5-COMBINE

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