The Imperfect Past tense is another verb tense that allows us to talk about the past. The conjugation of this verb tense is reasonably simple. We have regular verbs ending in -AR, -ER, and -IR, and only 4 irregular verbs (SER, TER, VIR, and PÔR). The major difficulty of this verb tense is knowing when to use it. For a student of the Portuguese language, it is challenging to decide WHEN to use the simple past tense or the imperfect past tense.
Throughout these lists, we will conjugate the 3 types of regular conjugations (-AR, -ER, and -IR). In this list, we will start with the verb GOSTAR (to like). Also, throughout these 3 lists, we will enumerate the different rules that students should know to use the imperfect past tense correctly. Are you ready? Let’s begin!
Rule number 1: We use the imperfect past tense to ask for things in a polite manner. Example: “QUERIA (verbo querer) um café = I would like a coffee!
Rule number 2: We use the imperfect past tense to describe repetitive actions in the past. For example, “Antigamente eu ACORDAVA às 7h” = In the past, I used to wake up at 7 a.m.
Rule number 3: We use the imperfect past tense to talk about age (age of people, animals, and everything) in the past. For example, “Em 2013 em TINHA 36 anos” = In 2013, I was 36 years old.
Now is the time to analyze the conjugation of regular -AR verbs in the imperfect past tense. We have chosen the verb GOSTAR (to like) as an example.
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To learn and consolidate this list, you should follow the following STUDY METHOD: